Comparison of Unmodulated Current Control Characteristics of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor

Anwar Muqorobin, Pudji Irasari, . Taufik


This paper discusses comparison of unmodulated current controls in PMSM, more specifically, on-off, sliding mode, predictive and hybrid controls. The purpose of this study is to select the most appropriate control technique to be adopted. The comparison method is preceded by modeling the motor and entering the values of the motor parameters. PI control is used for speed control and zero d-axis current is employed. Furthermore, performing simulation for each type ofthe selected current controls and analyzing their responses in terms of dq and abc currents, q-axis current response with step reference, as well as THD. Simulation results show that the on-off control gives the best overall performance based on its abc-axis current ripple and THD at large load torque. The hybrid control shows the best response occurring only at the fastest transient time of q-axis current but its response exhibits bad qualities compared with other controls. The predictive control yields the best responses offering the smallest d-axis ripple current and THD at small load torque condition. The sliding mode control, however, does not exhibit any prominent performance compared to the others. Results presented in this paper further indicate that for the PMSM used in the simulation the most appropriate control is the predictive control.

Full Text:



I. Takahashi and T. Noguchi, "A new quick-response and high-efficiency control strategy of an induction motor," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. IA-22, pp. 820-827, Sept/Oct. 1986. crossref

C. French and P. Acarnley, "Direct torque control of permanent magnet drives," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 32, pp. 1080-1088, Sept/Oct 1996. crossref

L. Zhong, et al., "Analysis of direct torque control in permanent magnet synchronous motor drives," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 12, pp. 528-536, 1997. crossref

P. Pillay and R. Krishnan, "Modeling, simulation and analysis of permanent-magnet motor drives. Part I: the permanent-magnet synchronous motor drive," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 25, pp. 265-273, March/April 1989. crossref

A. Naik, et al., "Improved performance of adaptive hysteresis current controller based vector control of pmsm drive system," in Proceedings of the IEEE Student’s Technology Symposium, 2011, pp. 1-8. crossref

H. M. Soliman and S. M. E. Hakim, "Improvement the current control methods for three phase voltage source inverter to drive the permanent magnet synchronous motor," International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), vol. 2, pp. 53-61, October 2012.

M. Novak, et al., "Application of sinusoidal phase current control for synchronous drive," in IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, 2006, pp. 2260-2265. crossref

B. Zigmund, et al., "Experimental evaluation of pi tuning techniques for field oriented control of permanent magnet synchronous motors," Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, pp. 114-119, 2012.

K. Takahashi, et al., "High-performance inverter based on shaft acceleration torque for ac drives," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 60, pp. 66-77, January 2013. crossref

L. Harnefors and H. P. Nee, "Model-based current control of ac machines using the internal model control method," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 34, pp. 133-141, January/February 1998. crossref

T. S. Hu and C. J. Yeh, "Hardware implementation of the current control using the internal model method in the Electric Power Steering application," in IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, 2009, pp. 66-70. crossref

T. Miyajima, et al., "Synthesis and analysis of time-optimal current trajectory based on final-state control for ipmsm," in The 10th IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, Kitakyushu, Japan, 2013, pp. 433-438. crossref

P. Degobert, et al., "High performance control of the permanent magnet synchronous motor using self-tuning resonant controllers," in The Thirty-Eighth Southeastern Symposium System Theory, 2006, pp. 382-386. crossref

V. Repecho, et al., "Sensorless sliding mode control of pmsm drives using a high frequency injection algorithm," Przeglad Electrotechniczny (Electrical Review), vol. 88, pp. 16-20, 2012.

B. Bossoufi, et al., "FPGAs in industrial current control for pmsm," International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 131-142, February 2012. [16] M. Curkovic, et al., "Fpga-based predictive sliding mode controller of a three-phase inverter," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 60, pp. 637-644, February 2013. crossref

J. W. Sun, et al., "A novel discrete-time predictive current control for pmsm," in ICCAS2005, 2005, pp. 1-6. crossref

P. Wipasuramonton, et al., "Predictive current control with current-error correction for pm brushless ac drives," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 42, pp. 1071-1079, July/August. 2006. crossref

F. Morel, et al., "A comparative study of predictive current control schemes for a permanent magnet synchronous machine drive," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 56, pp. 2715-2728, July 2009. crossref

S. Mariethoz, et al., "High-bandwidth explicit model predictive control of electrical drives," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 48, pp. 1980-1992, November/ December 2012. crossref

C. S. Lim, et al., "Model predictive control of a two-motor drive with five-leg inverter supply," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 60, pp. 54-65, January 2013. crossref

S. Chai, et al., "A cascade MPC control structure for a pmsm with speed ripple minimization," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 60, pp. 2978-2987, Augustus 2013. crossref

X. Lin-Shi, et al., "Implementation of hybrid control for motor drives," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 54, pp. 1946-1952, August. 2007. crossref

J.-W. Jung, et al., "Fuzzy PI-type current controllers for permanent magnet synchronous motors," in IET Electric Power Applications, 2011, pp. 143-152. crossref

A. V. Sant, et al., "Permanent magnet synchronous motor drive using hybrid pi speed controller with inherent and noninherent switching functions," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 47, pp. 4088-4091, October 2011. crossref

J. Rodriguez, et al., "State of the art of finite control set model predictive control in power electronics," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 9, pp. 1003-1014, May 2013. crossref

A. Muqorobin and P. Irasari, "Analisis respon motor magnet permanent pada saat pengukuran parameter elektrik," Telaah, vol. 31, pp. 123-131, November 2013.

M. P. Kazmierkowski, et al., Control in Power Electronics Selected Problem. San Diego: Elsevier Science, 2002.

K. Ogata, Modern Control Engineering. New Jersey: Prentice hall, 2002.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)