A hybrid PV-battery/diesel electricity supply on Peucang island: an economic evaluation

Matthias Günther

Abstract

Renewable energy technologies are currently under a dynamic cost development. This case holds especially for solar technology that has reached price levels that were unimaginable until a short time ago. It also holds for battery technologies the application of which is related to the increasing usage of photovoltaic energy converters and the growing interest in electric vehicles. With the decreasing prices more and more possible application cases of renewable energy technologies become economically viable. A case study was done for a location on a small island located on the west tip of Java. The levelized electricity cost of a hybrid electricity supply system composed of a solar generator and battery in combination with the existing diesel generators was compared to the electricity generation cost of the existing system. Two different battery options were taken into account, lead-acid batteries and lithium-ion batteries. The results of this study can give a rough orientation also for other locations with similar characteristics.




Keywords


hybrid electricity supply; photovoltaics; lead-acid battery; lithium-ion battery; Peucang island

Full Text:

PDF


References


Energising Development Indonesia (May, 2016) interactive map of renewable energy power generation systems in Indonesia [Online]. Available: http://www.remap-indonesia.org/en/home

S. Blocks. (2013, June) “Business Assessment for Diesel Hybrid Systems in Indonesia,” EKONID, 3rd June 2013. [Online]. Available: https: //www.giz.de/fachexpertise/downloads/giz2013-en-blocks1-pep-workshop-indonesien-pv-hybridsysteme.pdf

T. Strobel. “Diesel-Fuel Replacement: Potential Analysis for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems in Indonesia,” GIZ, Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Indonesia 2014. [Online]. Available: http://www.lcore-indonesia.or.id/index.php/publications

G. Albright, J. Edie, S. Al-Hallaj. “A Comparison of Lead-Acid to Lithium-ion in Stationary Storage Applications,” AllCell Technologies LLC 2015. [Online]. Available:https://www.scribd.com/document/149522305/A-Comparison-of-Lead-Acid-to-Lithium-Ion-in-Stationary-Storage-Applications

Meteotest (May, 2016) Irradiation data for every place on Earth [Online]. Available: http://www.meteonorm.com

C. Kost et al. “Levelized Cost of Electricity. Renewable Energy Technologies,” Fraunhofer, 2013. [Online]. Available: https://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/en/publications/veroeffentlichungen-pdf-dateien-en/studien-und-konzeptpapiere/study-levelized-cost-of-electricity-renewable-energies.pdf

HOMER Energy LLC (May, 2016) microgrid software by HOMER Energy [Online]. Available: http://www.homerenergy.com/

R. Dufo-Lopez et al. “Comparison of different lead-acid battery lifetime prediction models for use in simulation of stand-alone photovoltaic systems”, in Applied Energy, Volume 115, pp. 242-2530, 2014. crossref

Powerthru.“Lead acid battery working – Lifetime study,” [Online]. Available: http://www.power-thru.com/documents/The%20Truth%20About%20Batteries%20-%20POWERTHRU%20White%20Paper.pdf.

J.M. Bhatt. “Effect of Temperature on Battery Life and Performance in Electric Vehicle,” International Journal of Scientific Research, Volume 2, Issue 10, 2013.

SMA Solar Technology AG (May, 2016) Multicluster boxes for sunny island [Online]. Available: http://www.sma.de/en/products/battery-inverters/multicluster-boxes-for-sunny-island.html

HOPPECKE Batterien GmbH & Co. KG (May, 2016) Power.bloc OPzV: Valve regulated lead-acid battery [Online]. Available: https://www.hoppecke.com/en/product/powerbloc-opzv/

B. Nykvist, M. Nilsson. “Rapidly falling costs of battery packs for electric vehicles,” Nature Climate Change 5, pp. 329-332, 2015. crossref

M. Sterner, I. Stadler. Energiespeicher – Bedarf, Technologien, Integration. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 613-616, 2014.

M.Sterner, F. Eckert, M. Thema, F. Bauer. “Der positive Beitrag dezentraler Batteriespeicher fuer eine stabile Stromversorgung,” Forschungsstelle Energienetze und Energiespeicher (FENES), OTH Regensburg. Short study mandated by BEE e.V. and Hannover Fair 2015. Regensburg/Berlin/Hannover, p. 8. [Online]. Available: http://www.bee-ev.de/fileadmin/Publikationen/BEE_HM_FENES_Kurzstudie_Der_positive_Beitrag_von_Batteriespeichern_2015.pdf

TESVOLT GmbH (May, 2016) Lithium storage [Online]. Available: http://www.tesvolt.com/lithium-storage-battery-system-solar-wind-chp.html

P. Hummel, P. Houchois, J. Dewhurst, A. Gandolfi. “Global Utilities, Auto & Chemicals. Will solar, batteries and electric cars re-shape the electrical system?” Ed. by UBS2014. [Online]. Available: http://www.qualenergia.it/sites/default/files/articolo-doc/ues45625.pdf

T. Waldmann et al. “Temperature dependent ageing mechanisms in Lithium-ion batteries – A Post-Mortem study”, in Journal of Power Sources, Volume 262, pp. 129 – 135, 2014. crossref


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Mechatronics, Electrical Power, and Vehicular Technology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Cited-By

1. Hybrid of photovoltaic and diesel power plant in Celagen Island
I Susanto, W Sunanda, R F Gusa, R Kurniawan, Y Tiandho
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science  vol: 463  first page: 012119  year: 2020  
doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/463/1/012119