An energy and exergy analysis of photovoltaic system in Bantul Regency, Indonesia

Arif Rahman Hakim, Wahyu Tri Handoyo, Putri Wullandari

Abstract

Energy and exergy analysis has been conducted on photovoltaic (PV) system in Bantul Regency, a special region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The PV exergy analysis was used to determine the performance of the PV system by considering environmental factors other than solar irradiance. This research aims to obtain values of exergy and energy efficiencies in the PV system. The experiment results show that the energy efficiency value produced by the PV system was 8.62 – 74.18%, meanwhile its exergy efficiency was 0.29% - 9.40%, respectively. The value of exergy efficiency is lower than the value of energy efficiency. This result confirmed that environmental factor greatly affects the output of the PV system. It can be concluded that high solar radiation does not always increase the production of exergy, since it is also influenced by the environmental temperature and the PV cells’ temperature.



Keywords


Exergy efficiency; energy; photovoltaic; solar radiation; Bantul regency

Full Text:

PDF


References


I. A. Ibrahim, T. Khatib, and A. Mohamed, “Optimal sizing of a standalone photovoltaic system for remote housing electrification using numerical algorithm and improved system models,” Energy, vol. 126, pp. 392–403, 2017. crossref

A. K. Pandey, V. V. Tyagi, and S. K. Tyagi, “Exergetic analysis and parametric study of multi-crystalline solar photovoltaic system at a typical climatic zone,” Clean Technol. Environ. Policy, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 333–343, 2013. crossref

Outlook Energi Indonesia 2016. Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal Dewan Energi Nasional, 2016. online

T. Kulworawanichpong and J. J. Mwambeleko, “Design and costing of a stand-alone solar photovoltaic system for a Tanzanian rural household,” Sustain. Energy Technol. Assessments, vol. 12, pp. 53–59, 2015. crossref

M. Kumar and A. Kumar, “Performance assessment and degradation analysis of solar photovoltaic technologies: A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 78, no. November 2016, pp. 554–587, 2017. crossref

W. X. Shen, “Optimally sizing of solar array and battery in a standalone photovoltaic system in Malaysia,” Renew. Energy, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 348–352, 2009. crossref

A. Duran Sahin, I. Dincer, and M. A. Rosen, “Thermodynamic analysis of solar photovoltaic cell systems,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, vol. 91, no. 2–3, pp. 153–159, 2007. crossref

D. Hamdani, K. Subagiada, and L. Subagiyo, “Analisis Kinerja Solar Photovoltaic System (Sps) Berdasarkan Tinjauan Efisiensi Energi Dan Eksergi,” J. Mater. dan Energi Indones., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 84–92, 2011. online

F. Sarhaddi, S. Farahat, H. Ajam, and A. Behzadmehr, “Exergetic performance evaluation of a solar photovoltaic (PV) array,” Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 502–519, 2010. online

R. Saidur, G. Boroumandjazi, S. Mekhlif, and M. Jameel, “Exergy analysis of solar energy applications,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 350–356, 2012. crossref

A. Luque and S. Hegedus, Handbook Of Photovoltaic Science And Engineering. Chichester: Wiley, 2003. online

D. Priambodo, E. Dewita, and I. D. Irianto, “Analisis Energi Dan Eksergi Pada Sistem Htr-10 Siklus Turbin Uap,” J. Pengemb. Energi Nukl., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 33–43, 2015. crossref


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Mechatronics, Electrical Power, and Vehicular Technology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.