Sensorless-BLDC motor speed control with ensemble Kalman filter and neural network
The use of sensorless technology at BLDC is mainly to improve operational reliability and play a role for wider use of BLDC motors in the future. This research aims to predict load changes and to improve the accuracy of estimation results of sensorless-BLDC. In this paper, a new filtering algorithm is proposed for sensorless brushless DC motor based on Ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) and neural network. The proposed EnKF algorithm is used to estimate speed and rotor position, while neural network is used to estimate the disturbance by simulation. The proposed algorithm requires only the terminal voltage and the current of three phases for estimated speed and disturbance. A model of non-linear systems is carried out for simulation. Variations in disturbances such as external mechanical loads are given for testing the performance of the proposed algorithm. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm has sufficient control with error speed of 3 % in a disturbance of 50 % of the rated-torque. Simulation results show that the speed can be tracked and adjusted accordingly either by disturbances or the presence of disturbances.
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