The effect of lightning impulse characteristics and line arrester to the lightning protection performance on 150 kV overhead lines: ATP-EMTP computational approach
This simulation study presents the effect of lightning strikes on the performance of arresters at 150 kV overhead lines. Lightning strikes have several parameters that affect the performance of line arresters (LA), namely lightning charge, and impulse energy. The simulation was attempted by injection of a direct strike to the ground wire with the peak voltage of 10 MV. The peak voltage was varied in terms of wavefront time (Tf) and the duration of lightning impulses (tau). In order to calculate current, charge and impulse energy of LA from various variations of Tf and tau, the trapezoidal numerical integration method is used. The current and impulse energy arising due to direct strikes and various variations of Tf and tau will be compared for each phase so that the influence of Tf and tau can be obtained from the performance of the LA and the current charge and impulse energy values are still within the limits of the IEEE C62.11 standard. The installation of LA and the position of arresters affected the peak voltage of lightning on the phase line when lightning struck it. The line arresters provide a drop in the peak voltage of lightning in phase lines. By installing line arresters in each tower, it will reduce the peak voltage of lightning on the phase line more significantly than the standalone line arrester. It is shown that the line arresters have to install at least six towers to reduce the peak voltage in the phase lines.
A. Borghetti et al., “Lightning protection of a multi-circuit HV-MV overhead line,” Electric Power Systems Research, Vol. 180, pages 106-119, Available Online 3 December 2019.
A. Rahiminejad and B. Vahidi, “LPM-Based Shielding Performance Analysis of High-Voltage Substations Against Direct Lightning Strokes,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., 32, 2218–2227, 2017.
R. Zoro, G. K. Atmajaya and B. Denov, "Lightning protection system for high voltage transmission line in Indonesia," 2nd International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Power Systems (ICHVEPS), Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, pp. 1-5, 2019.
J. Wang et al., “Research and application of jet stream arc-quenching lightning protection gap (JSALPG) for transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., 22, 782–788, 2015.
F. M. Gatta et al., “Tower Grounding Improvement Versus Line Surge Arresters: Comparison of Remedial Measures for High-BFOR Subtransmission Lines,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 51, 4952–4960, 2015.
S. Mladen and Banjanin,”Line Arresters Application in Lightning Protection of High Voltage Substations with Non-standard Configuration,” Electric Power Components and Systems, 45:11, 1173-1181, 2017.
Mladen S et al., “Lightning protection of overhead transmission lines using external ground wires,” Electric Power Systems Research, Volume 127, Pages 206-212, 2015.
M. S. Savic and A. M. Savic, “Substation Lightning Performance Estimation Due to Strikes Into Connected Overhead Lines,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., 30, 1752–1760, 2015.
K. T. M. U. Hemapala, O. V. G. Swathika, and K. P. R. D. S. K. Dharmadasa, “Techno-economic feasibility of lighting protection of overhead transmission line with multi-chamber insulator arrestors”, Development Engineering, Volume 3, Pages 100-116, 2018.
A. S. Ghoniem, “Effective elimination factors to the generated lightning flashover in high voltage transmission network,” International Journal on Electrical Engineering and Informatics, Volume 9, Number 3, September 2017.
O. E. Gouda, A. Z. El Dein, and G. M. Amer, "Parameters Affecting the Back Flashover across the Overhead Transmission Line Insulator Caused by Lightning." Proceedings of the 14th International Middle East Power Systems Conference (MEPCON’10), Cairo University, Vol. 111, 2010.
S. H. Taheri, A. Gholami, and M. Mirzaei, "Study on the behavior of polluted insulators under lightning impulse stress." Electric Power Components and Systems, 37.12, 1321-1333, 2009.
N. Zawani et al., “Modelling of 132 kV overhead transmission lines by using ATP/ EMTP for shielding failure pattern recognition,” Procedia Engineering, 53, 278–287.
M. A. Abd-Allah, M. N. Ali, and A. Said, "Towards an accurate modeling of frequency-dependent wind farm components under transient conditions,” WSEAS Transactions on Power Systems, Volume 9, Art. #40, pp. 395-407, 2014.
P. Pinceti and M. Giannettoni, "A simplified model for zinc oxide surge arresters," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 393-398, April 1999.
F. Fernandes, R. Diaz, ”Metal-oxide surge arrester model for fast transient simulations,” IPST Conference, 2001.
D. Lovrić, S. Vujević, and T. Modrić, ‘Comparison of Different Metal Oxide Surge Arrester Models’, Int. J. Emerg. Sci, 4 December, pp. 545–554, 2011.
L. Shoubin et al., “Applicability Analysis of Simulation Model of Metal Oxide Arrester and Experimental Study,” Advances in Intelligent Systems Research (AISR), volume 151, 2018.
M. Ishii et al., "Multistory transmission tower model for lightning surge analysis," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1327-1335, July, 1991.
H. W. Dommel, EMTP Theory Book: B.P.A., Aug. 1986.
A. Semlyen and A. Dabuleanu, "Fast and accurate switching transient calculations on transmission lines with ground return using recursive convolutions," in IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, vol. 94, no. 2, pp. 561-571, March 1975.
J. R. Marti, “Accurate modeling of frequency-dependent transmission lines in electromagnetic transient simulations,” IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst., vol. PAS-101, no. 1, p. 147, 1982.
N. Nagaoka, “Development of frequency-dependent tower model,” Trans. IEE Japan, vol. 111-B, p. 51, 1991.
J. V. G. R. Rao, K. S.Kalyani, and K. R. Charan, ”Optimal Surge Arrester Placement for Extra High Voltage Substation”, International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019.
N. H. N Hassan et al., ”Analysis of discharge energy on surge arrester configurations in 132 kV double circuit transmission lines,” Measurement, Volume 139, Pages 103-111, 2019.
J. R. Martí and A. Tavighi, "Frequency-Dependent Multiconductor Transmission Line Model With Collocated Voltage and Current Propagation," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 71-81, Feb., 2018.
M. I. Jambak et al., “Analysis of Transmission Lightning Arrester Locations Using Tflash,” Telkomika, volume 14, number 4, 2016.
Q. Xia, “Surge Arrester Placement for Long Transmission Line and Substation,” Master Theses, Arizona State University, May 2018.
J. He et al., “Statistical Analysis on Lightning Performance of Transmission Lines in Several Regions of China,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., 30, 1543–1551, 2015.
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Mechatronics, Electrical Power, and Vehicular Technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.